Major and Minor Agricultural Production Areas

Karte der landwirtschaftlichen Haupt- und Kleinproduktionsgebiete
Karte der landwirtschaftlichen Haupt- und Kleinproduktionsgebiete

In 1990, a new demarcation of Austria’s major and minor agricultural production areas was undertaken based on the previous demarcations (Steden and Schmittner, 1951; and Schwackhöfer, 1966) – see also Wagner, in (Schriftenreihe der Bundesanstalt Nr. 61 und 62, Wagner 1990). Leaving Austria with 8 major and 87 minor agricultural production areas, the latest demarcation aimed to improve the expressive power of agricultural statistics – as the country’s administrative division into districts and states in some cases leads to the fragmentation of homogenous agricultural areas. Thus, the new boundaries were drawn (and political communities assigned accordingly) on the basis of natural land characteristics, e.g., slope gradient and elevation, as well as key characteristics of agricultural holdings, e.g., type (Binder and Pfingstner, holdings classifications,(Schriftenreihe No. 50 holdings classification Binder, Pfingstner) and size.

The country’s division into major and minor agricultural production areas has several important uses: for example, to provide more meaningful statistics on the state of agriculture in the Austrian Green Report of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management (i.e., evaluation results of bookkeeping documents of agricultural and forestry holdings), but also as part of diverse research projects which incorporate structural analyses on a regional level. Austria’s regional tax authorities furthermore use a modified version of the major and minor agricultural production areas to select reference holdings for assessing the tax value of farm assets.

All available statistics on the community (Gemeinde) level can be aggregated by major or minor production area.

Download Austrian area classifications